Myofascial Pain Syndrome
Myofascial Pain Syndrome is caused by injury or damage to the fascia, the soft, stretchy connective tissue that surrounds muscles, organs and other structures inside the body. The syndrome causes chronic pain in muscles throughout the body, especially in the neck and jaw.
The TENS signals may also increase the amount of endorphins (end-or-fins) in your body. Endorphins are a pain-relieving chemical made naturally by your body.
Causes and Risk Factors
The cause of myofascial pain syndrome is not fully understood. It may be linked to overuse of your muscles. It may be linked to injury. It may be linked to stress, anxiety and depression, which can keep you from relaxing your muscles throughout the day. It may also be linked to skeletal abnormalities, which can place stress on your muscles.
Symptoms include sensations of pain deep within one or more muscles. When you press an affected muscle, you may feel a tender knot. Your pain may linger for long periods of time. It may interfere with your sleeping, and it may cause other problems.
Treatment options include medications, physical therapy and massage therapy. You may benefit from needle procedures that can release tension in trigger points. Your healthcare provider can develop a care plan that is right for your needs.